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Detecting Heart Problems

Detecting Heart Problems

Detecting Heart Problems

With cardiac catheterization different tests can be performed to detect problems within the arteries, valves or heart muscle. The doctor may use results of these tests to decide the best treatment for the disease.

Coronary angiography

Coronary angiography is a particular type of x-ray which makes the coronary arteries visible and shows narrowing if any.
Ventriculography is a type of x-ray which highlights the shape and movement of the chambers of heart. These tests also detect problems in the valves or inner walls of the heart.

Other tests

Beside cardiac catheterization other tests such as the measurement of the amount of blood pumped by the heart (2D Echo), may also be done. These tests help the doctor in evaluating if the heart muscle and valves are working properly.

Treating heart problems

With cardiac catheterization the doctor can also treat heart problems such as disease of coronary artery. If needed, he can perform angioplasty to reopen a blocked artery and restore blood flow to the heart muscle.

Angioplasty

Angioplasty is a procedure which uses cardiac catheterization to open narrowed arteries by pressing the plaque against the artery wall. With the repeated inflation of a small balloon positioned at the end of a special catheter, the plaque is compressed and blood flow restored. The procedure ends with the removal of the balloon -tipped catheter.

Angioplasty with stent

Most of the times, positioning a stent completes angioplasty. A stent is a cylindrical wire mesh which is placed inside the coronary artery at the point where the plaque has been compressed. It guarantees the compression of the plaque over time and thus helps the artery stay open.

Drug-eluting stents

Yukon Choice PC Sirolimus Eluting Stent which has been implanted has sufficient clinical data for its efficacy and safety.
The pharmacological agents Sirolimus (drug) everolimus etc. eluted by the stent limits the growth of smooth muscle cells in the vessel wall being treated by reducing the narrowing of the stented area of the artery (Restenosis) over time.